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In pre-independence days, the Municipal Corporation had the sole responsibility of regulating the building activity in municipal limits of Karachi. The Bombay Town Planning Act 1915 and Cantonment Board Act 1924 provided legal basis for exercising building control functions. The Karachi Development Authority was established in 1957 under the Presidential Order No.5. One of the main functions of the Authority was to undertake town expansion schemes and to accord approval to building plans in its housing schemes. In 1961, building regulations for various schemes were formulated which were finally enforced. The functions of Building Control were repeatedly shifted to and from KDA & KMC, in different periods as given below:

  • In 1950, Karachi Improvement Trust was created, to approve "Housing Schemes" and to formulate "Town expansion schemes".
  • In 1957, KDA was established through the merger of KIT, Karachi Joint Water Board, and Rehabilitation Department of the Government of Pakistan, Architect Control Department of KMC was added to oversee the building activity in the entire city.
  • In 1962, the Architect Control Department for the Municipal Areas was transferred to KMC.
  • In 1974, Building Control for some of the KDA Schemes such as North Nazimabad, scheme-2, and F.B. Area was handed over to KMC.
  • In 1979, Karachi Building Control Authority was created under Sindh Building Control Ordinance 1979 and both KDA and KMC areas were brought under the jurisdiction of KBCA.
  • In October, 1991, the KBCA was again bifurcated into two factions i.e. KBCA(KDA) and KBCA(KMC).
  • In April, 1996, KBCA(KDA) and KBCA(KMC) were re-unified. Director General, KDA was notified as its Chief Executive. KBCA has its jurisdiction over entire Karachi Division excluding Cantonment Areas and SITE.
  • Before the promulgation of SBCO in 1979, the functions relating to building & town planning activities in Karachi were assigned to different agencies, in different times. In the absence of any Rules & Regulations to regulate the sale of units by the builders/developers to the general public, many incidents of fraudulent bookings by the fake companies were reported in the 70s. The crises increased further due to shortage of required numbers of technical professionals in the agencies.
  • Therefore in the year 1979, the Govt. of Sindh promulgated Sindh Building Control Ordinance and SBCA was established. In the SBCO 79, provisions were made to regulate the building activities as well as sale of units to the general public through the licensed professionals. The spirit behind the creation was to:
    1. Ensure the stability of structures.
    2. Keep quality control in the construction activities.
    3. Regulate the building and town planning Regulations
    4. Safeguard the interest of general public
  • The government of Sindh was pleased to notify extension of the jurisdiction of Karachi Building Control Authority to the whole of Sindh and renaming the Karachi Building Control Authority to Sindh Building Control Authority on 14th Feb 2011.
  • The five Regions of Sindh Building Control Authority notified by the Government of Sindh are: Karachi, Hyderabad, Mirpurkhas, Sukkur & Larkana, having the Head Quarter Karachi.
  • Fundamental essence of the Authority remains the same i:e to regulate building activates as well as sale of units to the general public through licensed professionals.